Bodies and Structures

Government-funded repatriations, 1970s-80s (note)

Following normalization of relations, the Japanese government appears to have provided funds to repatriate at least a handful of women and adopted children in Fuqing; but policies became more restrictive in the mid-1980s, in response to concerns about the rise in illegal labor migration, including by people from Fuqing posing as Vietnamese refugees. Local Chinese officials and overseas Chinese residing in Japan have been attempting to help these individuals and families return to Japan (or move there for the first time), but their efforts were constrained by the Japanese government’s insistence that the individuals provide documentary proof of their Japanese nationality.

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