Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Map indicating the origin points of fires and their spread
12020-04-30T18:06:18-04:00Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f352Nihon Tōkei Fukyūkai, ed. Survey of the Imperial Capital Reconstruction Project, Vol. 1, pt. 3, 6. (Tokyo: Nihon Tōkei Fukyūkai, 1930).plain2020-09-15T13:26:40-04:001930Map Archive of the Great Kantō Earthquake.J. Charles Schenking.Public domain.David FedmanKandra Polatis4decfc04157f6073c75cc53dcab9d25e87c02133
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12020-04-30T18:05:24-04:00Capital Punishment11The burning of Tokyo in American war planning and wartime popular culture.plain2021-06-16T14:53:35-04:0035.6833, 139.7833Tōkyō1923-1942David FedmanBaker, DonDoolittle Raiders
No sooner had the smoke cleared over Pearl Harbor than Americans war planners began to systematically investigate how best to burn Tokyo and its environs to the ground. While some intelligence agencies began to plot out specific sites of industry and defense around the enemy capital for surgical bombardment, others quickly turned their attention to urban Tokyo’s well-known vulnerability to fire. That much of eastern Tokyo had burned to the ground following the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 was of great interest to military planners, who began to investigate how they might spark a great conflagration of their own (Fedman and Karacas, 2012).
Such an abiding interest in Tokyo’s flammability was far from confined to the war room. Americans of all stripes were soon imagining the capital aflame, especially following news of the Doolittle Raiders' sensational 1942 assault on Tokyo. Perhaps the most popular expression of this sentiment can be found in the chorus of Don Baker’s 1942 hit There’ll be a little Smokio in Tokio:
There'll be a little smokio in Tokio Hooray, hooray, hooray And you can bet it will not be from Tokio Hooray, hooray, hooray Them saki yaki boy Will throw away his toys And Uncle Sam will frown When Yankee Doodle goes to town