Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
12020-04-30T18:06:20-04:00Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f353Colonial science developed with the social sciences and the collection of data on settlements. Zwanzig jahre deutscher kulturarbeit. Tätigkeit und aufgaben neupreussischer kolonisation in Westpreussen und Posen, 1886-1906 (Berlin: W. Moeser, 1907).plain2021-08-18T09:52:22-04:001886-1906Zwanzig jahre deutscher kulturarbeit. Tätigkeit und aufgaben neupreussischer kolonisation in Westpreussen und Posen, 1886-1906 (Berlin: W. Moeser, 1907).Copyright undetermined.Shellen X. Wuimage/pngSXW-0017Still ImageKate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f
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12020-04-30T18:05:26-04:00The Science of Empire13Both China and Japan looked to the social sciences to administer empire.plain167052021-10-08T16:29:04-04:0046.46918, 121.24832Xing'an1904Shellen X. WuKumao TakaokaSchmoller, GustavSering, Max
The modernization and development that Han Chinese officers envisioned for Xing An grew out of the global circulation of ideas extolling the virtues of scientific management. If the language they employed seem familiar, it is because both Japanese and Chinese alike drew from the same well.
By the end of the nineteenth century the social sciences and disciplines like geography and agronomy connected Europe, the Americas, and Asia. The educated elite from around the world increasingly spoke a common language of science and the social sciences.
Early American influence shaped the colonization of Hokkaidō, but by the early twentieth century, Japanese writers were turning to other global examples and borrowing from the Germans the term “internal colonization.” The publication in 1904 of Kumao Takaoka’s work, Die innere Kolonisation Japans, in the social science series published by Gustav Schmoller and Max Sering explicitly connected Japan to the liberal circles of colonization advocates in Germany. Takaoka was the brother of the director of the colonial government in Hokkaidō, Naokichi Takaoka, to whom he dedicated his 1904 work. The extensive use of charts, census, and surveys in the work makes it an early example of the Japanese Empire’s reliance on social science methods to control its population and territory.