Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
"Geological Map of Sui-yuan"
12020-04-30T18:06:25-04:00Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f353Weng Wenhao and Cao Shusheng, Dizhi huibao 地質彙報 (Bulletin of the Geological Survey of China), No. 1 (1919), after p. 35.plain2021-08-18T10:02:06-04:001919Weng Wenhao and Cao Shusheng, Dizhi huibao 地質彙報 (Bulletin of the Geological Survey of China), No. 1 (1919), after p. 35.Public domain.Shellen X. WuSXW-0023Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f
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12020-04-30T18:06:13-04:00Surveying Empire8Geological Surveys and the Vertical Frontierplain2021-04-20T14:14:44-04:0046.46918, 121.24832Xing'an40.8106, 111.6522Suiyuan1919-1929Shellen X. WuSouth Manchuria Railroad
Geological surveys bolstered Han Chinese claims to resources in frontier areas from the late Qing through the Republican period and the founding of the People’s Republic in 1949. Both Japanese and Chinese geologists raced to survey contested territories. Geology quickly became the first science formally endorsed by the new Republic. The Geological Survey of China was the new Chinese republic's first scientific institution and began publishing a journal on geological research in 1919.
To fuel plans to develop Xing An, survey teams paid careful attention to potential coal and other valuable minerals in the region. In a grandiose report full of ambitious but vaguely defined plans for the construction of transportation networks, schools, and the creation of a civil administration, the discussion on the development of logging and mining delved into specific details, including information on the locations of coal seams and valuable mineral deposits. Earlier in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Russian geologists and mining engineers had surveyed the region for gold; the Chinese officers brought their own experts. Subsequently, the Japanese-controlled South Manchuria Railroad also showed an interest in developing mining enterprises in the region.