This content was created by Michitake Aso. The last update was by Kate McDonald.
Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
1media/Hanoi province_thumb.png2020-07-28T14:19:31-04:00Michitake Asoc957806dd05559bbe07c540e9ab4cd46aae194d3356Red River Deltaplain2021-08-26T18:31:57-04:00Hanoi1887L’École française d’Extrême-Orient. Ngô, Đức Thọ, Vạn Nguyên Nguyễn, and Philippe Papin. Đồng Khánh địa dư chí = Géographie descriptive de l’empereur Đồng Khánh (The descriptive geography of the Emperor Đồng Khánh). Vol. 3. Hà Nội: NXB Bản Đồ, 2003, 5.Public domain.Michitake AsoMA-0018Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f
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12020-07-28T09:42:06-04:00Hanoi and Thai Nguyen19Background Information for northern Vietnamplain2021-10-05T10:38:09-04:00Michitake Aso
The following two maps are from the Đồng Khánh địa dư chí, or the Dong Khanh Geography, a set of maps of Vietnam started during the reign of Đồng Khánh (1886-1888) and meant for imperial consumption.
The first map is of Hanoi (Hà Nội) (previously names included Thăng Long), which has played a central role in the life of the delta. As Lê notes, “the geographical space of the Red River delta is not therefore simply a natural geographic region. The very presence of Thăng Long Hanoi with its prevailing zone of influence … [has] brought about the unity of the Red River delta throughout history” (Lê 1997, 325).
Notice the watery nature of Hanoi. The name “Hà Nội” (河內) means roughly “inside the river” and you can see the several lakes, including West Lake (西湖, Tây Hồ), Lake of the Restored Sword (湖劍還, Hồ Kiếm Hoàn) and the Seven Mau (little less than half a hectare) Lake (七畝湖, Bảy Mẫu Hồ). Spellings on the map noted here reflect Nguyen dynasty conventions. As Li Tana notes, West Lake is an oxbow lake formed when the Red River changed course. Moreover, the entrances to Hanoi are near rivers, allowing those from the countryside to bring their products by boat, and thus served as market places (Li 2016). Note also the mandarin road heading south and the mountains along the borders of the map.
The following is a map of Thái Nguyên (太原, meaning large plain or field) province with its provincial city of the same name.
Note that the orientation of these maps follows their reproduction rather than the orientation of the Chinese characters on the map.
Finally, here is a recent bird's eye view of greater metropolitan Hanoi and its surroundings from Google maps.