Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
1media/MazuinPalanquin_thumb.jpeg2020-07-24T10:25:17-04:00Evan Dawley7a40080bd5bb656cee837d5befaa3ea8e7a2ac443512The Heimian--or "black-faced"--Mazu is one of the manifestations of this important deity. It is the one enshrined at the Qing'an Temple in Jilong. This photograph was taken by the author during the Mazu Festival in Jilong in 2004. Source: Photo by author.plain2021-06-18T20:15:18-04:00Photo by author.2004Evan N. DawleyUsed with permission.Evan N. DawleySG-0010PhotographKate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f
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1media/QingAn.jpg2019-11-18T17:21:29-05:00The Qing'an Temple: Meizhou and the Heimian Mazu Cult27This page discusses the 1914 trip to Meizhou, home of the Mazu cult in Fujian, China, to retrieve a new image of the deity Mazu, and the establishment of the temple as a center of the Heimian Mazu cult.plain2021-10-04T12:21:20-04:0025.12962, 121.74077Jilong1914-1915Evan N. Dawley, Becoming TaiwaneseEvan N. DawleyXu ZisangQing'an TempleMazu
Xu Zisang and other Jilong residents fortified the sacred geography of the Qing'an Temple shortly after completing its renovation. In 1914, Xu led a group of nine across the Taiwan Strait, to the original home of the Mazu cult on Meizhou Island, a little north of Quanzhou. At the temple there, they lit incense and renewed the Qing'an's image of the deity, which they carried home to Jilong in a portable shrine. This trip marked a historic turning point for the temple. It was the first time in the temple's history that parishioners had made such a trip, therefore at this time they essentially made a proclamation of the Qing'an's autonomy from a Taiwan-based parent temple and its establishment of a direct linkage, through incense-division, to Mazu's ur-temple. Moreover, the new likeness was the heimian (or black-faced) Mazu, and the Qing'an Temple quickly became a center in Taiwan for this particular manifestation of the deity. Shortly before embarking on a mission to attack and control indigenous people near Hualian in 1915, some Jilong residents prayed in front of this black-faced Mazu. When they emerged victorious, this version of Mazu gained popularity across Taiwan and the Qing'an became her parent temple on the island, developing its own branches and incense-division network. Each year, on the appointed day for the temple's Mazu festival, representatives of the branch temples joined Jilong residents in the celebration.