Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Hoshi Business School (now Hoshi University)
12020-04-30T18:06:07-04:00Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f353"Hoshi University Main Building (Tokyo)," Wikimapia, accessed November 13, 2019, http://wikimapia.org/6504373/Hoshi-University-Main-Building.plain2021-08-12T12:11:38-04:00Wikimapia.Copyright undetermined (http://rightsstatements.org/page/UND/1.0/?language=en).Timothy YangjpegTY-0014Still ImageKate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f
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12020-04-30T18:05:27-04:00Hoshi Business School10scientific management; Frederick Taylor; pharmacists; worker; clerk; discipline; Hoshi Universityplain2021-06-09T14:42:30-04:0035.61952, 139.71137Tōkyō1921Timothy YangHoshi Pharmaceuticals Business SchoolHoshi University
In 1921, Hoshi Pharmaceuticals established the Hoshi Pharmaceuticals Business School (Hoshi seiyaku shōgyō gakkō). Schools, of course, are spaces of exception for the explicit purpose of disciplining hearts, bodies, and minds. The Business School offered two courses of study: a two-week crash course to familiarize franchise store managers and clerks with basic knowledge in pharmacology, medicine, and business practices, and a more comprehensive six-week course intended for students to gain basic qualifications in handling medicines as licensed pharmacists. The company's goal was to provide every seller with the necessary knowledge in medicine, pharmacology, and business to help him perform his job. Thus, it served an instrumental, disciplinary purpose, even as it conformed to the company's declared, enlightened principles that emphasized cooperation between management and labor as well self-cultivation, based on the principles of science (Hoshi yakka daigaku shi hensan iinkai 1991, 94-96, 110-113). Indeed, one of the textbooks for the Business School was titled Principles of Scientific Management (Kagakuteki keieihō no shintei), which was loosely based on Frederick Taylor's famous work of the same name (Hoshi 1923). The School remains today as Hoshi University (Hoshi yakka daigaku), which kindly allowed me access to their archive.