This content was created by Michitake Aso. The last update was by Kate McDonald.
Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Map of Southern China and North Vietnam
1media/Map of Southern China and North Vietnam US Central Intelligence Agency October 1967_thumb.png2020-08-01T16:08:25-04:00Michitake Asoc957806dd05559bbe07c540e9ab4cd46aae194d3356Communist China and Northern Vietnam. From "Communist China Map Folio," published by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency in 1967.plain2021-08-10T18:13:07-04:00Southern China and North Vietnam1967Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin. http://legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/china_map_folio/txu-oclc-588534-54926-10-67-map.jpg.1967Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.Public domain.Michitake AsoMA-0022Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f
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12020-07-31T17:32:20-04:00Cartographies of Revolution19Background information for northern Vietnamplain2021-10-05T10:41:07-04:00Michitake Aso
Cold War-era maps show the connections that Vietnam had with the socialist world. After the 1949 victory of the Chinese communists under the leadership of Mao Zedong and the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC), the Việt Minh gained an important ally. Starting in May 1951, supplies from the USSR also began to cross the North Vietnam-China border. Between 1952 and 1954, the Việt Minh received over 100 tonnes of medical supplies and equipment from China and the USSR. The map below shows “Dissident Activities in Indochina” from November 1950. It was produced by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1951 and included in the Pentagon Papers. The Việt Minh were active in the lands bordering China including a region called the Việt Bắc.
Now consider the following map published by the CIA in 1967. While this map presents a topographic view of Northern Vietnam, thus using the language of scientific objectivity, there were at least two important choices to note. First, it reproduces older Sinosphere and regional geographies by linking Northern Vietnam to its northern neighbor. This decision was not accidental, of course, and like earlier regional maps had a military motivation. Starting in 1965, the United States had sent its military to the Republic of Vietnam and began what is known in America as the Vietnam War. During this war, communist China and North Korea sent aid and advisors to North Vietnam. Second, this map notes the population centers of Hanoi and Thai Nguyen and shows them linked by a railroad. Both Hanoi, the capital, and Thai Nguyen, the location of a steel plant, were targets of incessant American bombing.
In this way, the shape of this map was the result of the victories of the Chinese, the North Korean, and the Vietnamese communist parties.