Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Photograph of soil in the Xing'an Reclamation Zone
12020-04-30T18:06:48-04:00Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f354Report on the Progress of Xing'an Tunken, p. 5.plain2021-09-02T10:36:11-04:00Zou Zuohua, Xing An qu tunken (n.p.: Xing An qu tunken gong shu, 1930).Copyright undetermined.Shellen X. WuSXW-0004Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f
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12020-04-30T18:05:33-04:00Climate and Geography8Information about Xing Anplain2021-10-08T16:22:19-04:0046.46918, 121.24832Xing'anShellen X. Wu
Located in today’s Inner Mongolia, along the reaches of Tao'er River, in the 1920s the region was thinly populated with Mongolian tribes. In the flat plains of the region, nomadic peoples pursued a living through keeping herds of livestock. An extremely short growing season started in May; by the second half of August, the first frost of winter descended. Snow and extreme cold swept the region in the winter. Limited rains frequently led to drought conditions. In years without drought, sudden bursts of rainfall frequently caused flooding and landslides.
Yet precisely in this harsh and unforgiving clime, modernizing officers now attempted to control banditry, build an outpost, and farm corn, soybeans, wheat, millet, sorghum, and buckwheat. Officers saw the “virgin” soil of the region as ripe for agricultural development.