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"Border Controls, Migrant Networks, and People out of Place between Japan and China" is based on sections of David R. Ambaras, Japan's Imperial Underworlds: Intimate Encounters at the Borders of Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). This text cannot be reproduced, shared, altered, or exploited commercially in any way without the permission of Cambridge University Press. It is copyrighted material and not subject to the allowances permitted by the CC-BY-NC-ND license.
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