This content was created by Michitake Aso. The last update was by Kate McDonald.
Bodies and Structures 2.0: Deep-Mapping Modern East Asian HistoryMain MenuGet to Know the SiteGuided TourShow Me HowA click-by-click guide to using this siteModulesRead the seventeen spatial stories that make up Bodies and Structures 2.0Tag MapExplore conceptsComplete Grid VisualizationDiscover connectionsGeotagged MapFind materials by geographic locationLensesCreate your own visualizationsWhat We LearnedLearn how multivocal spatial history changed how we approach our researchAboutFind information about contributors and advisory board members, citing this site, image permissions and licensing, and site documentationTroubleshootingA guide to known issuesAcknowledgmentsThank youDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5fThis project was made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Barrel of a Gun Segment 6: Vietnam's Initial Independence is Crushed
12020-08-09T10:21:43-04:00Michitake Asoc957806dd05559bbe07c540e9ab4cd46aae194d3357In 1941 Ho sneaks back into Vietnam to lead the revolution. His general, Vo Nguyen Giap, describes the uprising at the end of World War II, which sought to ...plain2021-08-10T19:00:30-04:00YouTube.2013-07-26T15:52:19ZThe Pacific Basin Institute at Pomona College and PBS, "The Pacific Century," Episode 3: From the Barrel of a Gun (1992).Fair use.Michitake AsoMA-0031Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f
This page is referenced by:
12019-11-18T15:48:28-05:00Food Security30Path C page 2plain2021-10-05T15:46:23-04:0021.589283, 105.82857321.17817, 106.0710221.00311, 105.82014Thai NguyenBac Ninh1944-1954Michitake AsoViệt MinhHo Chi Minh
One of the main concerns of the Việt Minh was the threat of hunger. In 1944-1945, a famine had resulted in the deaths of most likely over one million Vietnamese in the Red River Delta. The French and Japanese were blamed for this famine and the Việt Minh were able to harness popular discontent to gain valuable support in the countryside (Gunn 2014). Note in the following clip from the documentary From the Barrel of a Gun between 1:42 and 1:58, the propaganda film showing Việt Minh's role in liberating rice from Japanese near the end of World War II.
Consider this image of Ho Chi Minh taking part in corn production to encourage people to produce more food. Memories of the famine were still raw in the early 1950s, and the Việt Minh knew that they would lose valuable support and be held at least partially responsible if famines were to strike again (Lentz 2019). Thus they were very concerned when they learned about charges that the US military was releasing crop-destroying insects in North Korea and China as the French might similarly attack rice, corn, and other crops in areas under Việt Minh control. Such actions would weaken their partisans and might encourage them to move to French controlled territory. In this way ensuring adequate food supplies for Việt Minh supporters was seen as part of combating biological warfare and the French.
This image suggests that HCM tried to fashion himself as what type of leader?
Also consider this image of Ho Chi Minh talking with women in what is now Thái Nguyên province. It was taken in 1954 not long after the Việt Minh launched the Land Reform campaign. This image was meant to highlight the role of farmers in the Việt Minh struggles against the French. It emphasizes the importance of food production and highlights the fear of hunger.
Việt Minh reports note that farmers were initially quite concerned about biological weapons but that after initial exposures that did not result in crop damage or human illness, farmers grew less concerned about these weapons. Thus, Bắc Ninh only lists one reported incident. Other factors that seem to have played a role in number of reported incidents includes degree of French control of the region, with higher control resulting in fewer incidents, as well as strategic importance and accessibility, which resulted in more airplane flights.