This approach holds potential not simply for understanding the militarized visions or civilian experiences of aerial warfare, but to probe the nature of total war more generally. The Great Tokyo Air raid was but one calamity of many. This module, as such, is connected -- through materials, knowledge networks, and modes of production -- through many other arenas of conflict and hardship. While the Great Tokyo Air Raid stands as an illuminating lens into the ethical erosion and dehumanization of the enemy other that were part and parcel of total war, much work remains to situate its destruction in a transnational context. Anyone interested in the global experience of air raids during WWII would do well to consider exploring transnational resonances through the "Bodies and Structures" platform: a toolkit that holds tremendous potential for excavating meaning from the ruins of total war.