Bodies and StructuresMain MenuWhat We're DoingOverview essayHow to Use This SiteAn orientationModulesList of modulesTag MapConceptual indexComplete Grid VisualizationGrid Visualization of Bodies and StructuresGeotagged MapGeographic IndexWhat We LearnedContributors share what they learned through the Bodies and Structures process.ReferencesReferences tag for all modules and essayContributorsContributor BiosAcknowledgementsAcknowledgementsContact usContact information pageLicensing and ImagesThe original content of this site is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND International 4.0 License.David Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277Kate McDonald306bb1134bc892ab2ada669bed7aecb100ef7d5f This publication is hosted on resources provided by the College of Humanities and Social Sciences IT department at NC State University.
12018-04-23T13:40:47-04:00CHASS Web Resources398fc684681798c72f46b5d25a298734565e6eb823plain2018-08-31T16:35:49-04:00David R. AmbarasDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277After the war, women and children who wished to return to Japan and had maintained their Japanese household registrations appear to have been able to transit fairly smoothly. However, one returnee from China in 1953 testified to a Diet committee that he had heard that there were “an extremely large number of Japanese beggars” in Fujian Province, including “many women who carry children on their backs as they walk from Chinese house to Chinese house receiving things.” The door to returns closed with the rupture in Sino-Japanese relations in 1958, but reopened briefly in 1973, when the government of Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei adopted a lenient approach to repatriations following the 1972 normalization of relations between Japan and the PRC. In the following years, the Japanese government appears to have provided funds to repatriate at least a handful of women and adopted children in Fuqing; but policies became more restrictive in the mid-1980s, in response to concerns about the rise in illegal labor migration, including by people from Fuqing posing as Vietnamese refugees. From the 1970s to the 1990s, Chinese residents of Yokohama reportedly helped some five hundred people from Fuqing and their Sino-Japanese families to return to Japan (or move there for the first time), but their efforts were constrained by the Japanese government’s insistence that the individuals provide documentary proof of their Japanese nationality.
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1media/Nagasakimaru.NYK.Shanghaiwharf.jpg2018-04-23T13:40:19-04:00CHASS Web Resources398fc684681798c72f46b5d25a298734565e6eb8Women in MotionDavid Ambaras15image_header1082018-11-08T10:42:57-05:00David R. AmbarasDavid Ambaras1337d6b66b25164b57abc529e56445d238145277