The ocean off the Fujian coast now consistently has a multitude of foreign boats floating back and forth. We [the Governor-General and Governor] are fearful that the treacherous people of the coastal areas will collude with the foreigners to sell opium, defy the prohibition and induce other evils.
Thereupon was issued a secret call to arms among the military and civil officials on land and water, for the various provinces to strive towards finding and arresting the criminals. This was enacted in the eleventh month of the sixteenth year of the Daoguang Emperor's reign [December, 1836].
The Xinghua-Quan-Yong Daotai Dai Jiagu together with the Quanzhou Prefect Shen Ruhan and the Jinjiang County Magistrate Zhu Cheng have now memorialized about Yakou Village in Jinjiang county, part of Quanzhou prefecture, where Shi Hou and others committed unauthorized maritime trade in opium.
Now we can report that the opium monger Shi Hou and others have been captured, their names and testimony recorded and personally inspected. We have ordered them to be brought to the provincial capital for prosecution, and the material evidence has been meticulously collected and examined.
The civil and military officials then proceeded to capture Shi Saiguang and 40 others. They confiscated boats, silver, weapons, opium and other items. Meanwhile, officials demolished the grass shack Shi Hou had built in the wastelands for opium storage. We then ordered all suspects to be brought to the provincial capital, and have included their testimonies in an attached memorial.
Shi Hou, for purchasing opium from foreign ships and aiding and abetting those foreign ships with water and rice, is guilty of the most evil, bold lawlessness. For this reason we have followed the more severe path of punishment.
Shi Hou will be punished in accordance with the law against treacherous people bringing rice to the outer ocean to aid and abet traitorous criminals, and is sentenced to immediate death by strangulation.
Shi Saiguang, for using silver to purchase opium from foreign boats, and for opening an opium den to entice good people to purchase and ingest opium, will be punished according to statute.
Shi Saiguang, otherwise known as licentiate student Shi Zhao, will be cashiered of his licentiate status.
Note: The memorial refers to the aspiring foreign expert Shi Shubao as “at large” (在逃). He was never captured or punished.
Source: Junji chu Hanwen lufu zouzhe (Grand Council Chinese-Language Palace Memorial Copies, often cited as LFZZ), Beijing: First Historical Archives, 03–4007–048, DG 18.10.29.